[Ibogaine] January/Spain: Global Forum of Producers of Crops Declared to be Illicit (FMPCDI)
tribble at hanfplantage.de
Tue Jan 27 10:55:46 EST 2009
*/ "For an alternative and decent solution for the peasant"/*
*CERAI organizes the First Global Forum of Producers of Crops Declared
to be Illicit *
*/_ "January 29th, 30th and 31st, Barcelona"_/*
*CERAI Headquarters, January 14th, 2009.- *Why peasants from certain
regions of the world cultivate plants that international conventions
have declared to be illicit? That is the essential question to which the
First Global Forum of Producers of Crops Declared to be Illicit (FMPCDI)
will try to give an answer.
January the 29th, 30th and 31st, 2009, Barcelona will be the venue for
the FMPCDI. CERAI is the main organizer of this international meeting.
The FMPCDI tries to be a space of dialogue in which participants can
exchange their experience, raise problems, reflect on their situations
and organize future collaboration processes to protect human rights of
affected communities and to give models of sustainable development.
The Forum will be attended by: More than 50 leaders of producers from
agricultural and social organizations from Asia, Latin America and
Africa, more tan 20 international experts, NGO's, Government
institutions, producers from different continents.
* Which are the objectives?*
* Inform about political and socioeconomic problems that spur the
communities on the production of crops declared to be illicit,
announcing them to the public opinion.
* Deal with the future of affected populations: equitable and
sustainable development of economies, rural territories, natural
resources, agricultural reform, alternative development,
development of licit uses of these crops (cultural, medicinal and
* Generate proposals for different policies to be submitted to the
appropriate official entities.
* Organize associations and networks that are able to be negotiators
between regional, national and international authorities and
entities, and also actors of their own development.
*UNGASS: United Nations General Assembly Special Session on Countering
World Drug Problem*
The conclusions of the Forum will be submitted to the United Nations
General Assembly Special Session --UNGASS- on Countering World Drug
Problem, to be held in Vienna in March 2009, in which international
strategies against this kind of crops will be decided.
*The situation of peasants that are producers of crops declared to be
The concern of the international community about the spreading of
traffic and illicit drug consume is growing. Behind all these problems
there are peasant communities from Asia, Latin America and Africa that
cultivate these plants. Millions of people live or survive from
producing them, being them those who smallest incomes receive from all
the international narcotic traffic chain.
"Criminalized peasants", poor and helpless, unprotected actors, their
voice is not listened by Governments of their counties, nor by
international organizations who prepare strategies that "theoretically"
benefit them. They just don't count for the international community.
In the year 2005, according to UN reports, opium illicit plantations
reached 150.000 hectares only in Asia. Coca leaf spread through 160.000
hectares in Peru, Bolivia and Colombia. And cannabis, only in Morocco,
according to data from the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
(UNODC), took up in 2003 a surface of 134.000 hectares. Having reached
the 21st Century, and after one hundred years of Conventions that
illegalized these plants and their producers, applying repressive
policies that in many cases threat human rights (forced eradications
without alternative, fumigations, arbitrary arrests and detentions,
etc.), the problem not only does not have decreased, but has grown to
In view of this fact, different organizations and personalities, we have
decided to announce a Global Forum to raise the problematic issues of
those who have no choice but to produce those plants that have been
declared to be illicit to survive.
*Who are we?*
CERAI, Spanish acronym for the Centre of Rural Studies and International
Agriculture, is a Non-Governmental Development Organization, secular,
progressive and independent. We appeared in 1994 in Valencia, intending
to create an organization dealing with the Spanish and European rural
and agricultural sector, connections with international trade, the
problem of underdevelopment, environment, organic farming and its
future, sustainable development, rural exodus, etc. We are, as it was
stated at the General Assembly of Partners, an "organization that is
part and intends to be point of reference for the social movement that
looks for the transformation of rural and agricultural world from the
perspective of sustainable development, solidarity, respect to human
rights and participative democracy".
*The Forum will take place in:*
C/Riu Anoia, 42-54
08820 El Prat de Llobregat
*COLLABORATORS:*Association des Populations de Montagne du Monde
(APMM), el Transnational Institute (TNI) y el Washington Office on
Latin America (WOLA)
*FUNDS:*German Cooperation Agency (GTZ), Fundation pour le progrès de
l'Homme (FPH), Open Society Institut (OSI) and Barcelona Solidària
*FOR MORE INFORMATION:*
Communication Management of FMPCDI-CERAI
Phone: 96 352 18 78
e-mail:*comunicacion at cerai.es* <mailto:comunicacion at cerai.es>
Person in charge: Sara Muñoz
Secretariat of the FMPCDI-CERAI
Phone: 678 131 850
e-mail: *fmpcdi.secretaria at cerai.es* <mailto:fmpcdi.secretaria at cerai.es>
Persons in charge: Julia Volpe, Anabel Carreras y Javier González Skaric
*The International Promotion Committee of the Forum was founded in the
city of Valencia, Spain, at the end of March 2007.*
Heroin, cocaine and cannabis, the most widely known illegal drugs
causing concern to the international community, are all produced from
plants: the opium poppy for heroin, the coca bush for cocaine and
cannabis for marihuana or hashish. Peasant communities in Asia, Africa
and Latin America are the main producers of these crops, which occupy
considerable areas of land. According to the latest figures published by
the UN, in 2005 the illicit cultivation of opium poppy covered more than
150,000 hectares, mainly in Asia, an estimated 100,000 of which were in
Afghanistan. The coca leaf extended over an estimated 160,000 hectares
in three Andean countries (Bolivia, Colombia and Peru), half of which
could be found in Colombia alone. On cannabis, without any doubt the
most widely cultivated illicit crop, UN figures for 2004/2005
haphazardly point to 230,000 hectares worldwide, with Morocco alone
accounting for about 72,000 hectares (134,000 hectares in 2003). On a
global scale, and for decades now, millions of people are sustained or
survive on the basis of the agricultural production of these "drug
plants", even though they earn the smallest share of the revenue from
the international drug trafficking chain.
These "criminalised peasants" cannot be viewed as a marginal and passing
phenomenon. They form an integral part of 21st century reality and their
existence results from permanent global problems. The nature of this
particular agricultural activity could not be more paradoxical: illicit
drugs are, more than any other product, a global economy, although their
cultivation results from local configurations that, while differing in
degree, combine to a remarkable extent geographical isolation
(especially in mountain regions), social isolation, political violence
and economic underdevelopment.
*THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY*
According to the international conventions on drugs, the agricultural
production of these plants is restricted to medicinal and scientific
purposes. As a consequence, states never guarantee human rights for the
peasants that grow these crops not destined to such use. Poor and
defenceless, these peasants are among the most unprotected members of
this global economy, so much so that in many cases they are subjected to
the rule of irregular armed groups and/or corrupt officials. Moreover,
they are often stigmatised as criminals by authorities and society as a
Subordinated amongst the subordinated, these "gardeners of artificial
paradises" organise in order to claim their rights, like respect for
cultural uses and licit by-products. The majority of them do not reach
the same level of approval that has been achieved by the Bolivian coca
peasant organisations. Their protests are often paid for with blood.
Until now, the international community's responses have not delivered
their expected results: the elimination or significant and permanent
reduction of illicit crops. The goals of Alternative Development
programmes have, with a few exceptions, not been met. The "tough
stance", forced crop eradication, has not been effective either, and
even has been denounced as counter-productive, leading to humanitarian
disasters in several cases. Particularly in places where aerial spraying
has been applied, notably in Colombia, environmental damage and human
health problems have been inflicted. This failure is quantifiable: in
almost fifteen years the agricultural output of source plant material
for illicit drugs production has multiplied.
The population involved in the growing of illicit plants are not
consulted by the national and international decision-making bodies, and
their voice is not taken into account when designing strategies -- of
which they are supposed to be "beneficiaries" - to find a way out of
this dramatic situation. At the Commission on Narcotic Drugs, the
legislative entity of UN drugs control, these voices are hardly ever
considered. There are few countries where trade unions of illicit crop
producers exist, although in one exceptional case (Bolivia) a peasant
leader of the "cocaleros" was elected president. Some relations have
been developed amongst these trade unions in the Andes, but they have no
contact whatsoever with those peasant communities who grow poppy and
cannabis in other continents. In most cases these communities are
isolated, dispersed, and marginalised.
2008 is the target date agreed at the UN General Assembly Special
Session (UNGASS) for tackling the world drug problem. In 1998, the world
community decided to eliminate or significantly reduce all illicit crops
within a period of ten years. This will be a moment to draw up a balance
sheet of the actions undertaken, and define new future strategies in
response to this. The population involved in the cultivation of illicit
plants for drugs should have an important role in this process.
*OBJECTIVES OF THE FORUM*
The First Global Forum of Producers of Crops Declared to be Illicit,
which is proposed to be held at the end of February 2008, would like to
assist the concerned farmers in:
Exchanging and informing each other and the outside world about
the political and economic problems pushing their communities
towards this type of agriculture.
Tackling the questions surrounding their future: equal and
sustainable development of their rural and territorial economies,
agrarian reforms, alternative development and the development of
licit uses of these plants (medicinal, cultural and nutritional).
Generate proposals of different policies to be presented to
official decision-making bodies.
Facilitate and connect associations and networks capable of
discussing with authorities and national, regional and
international bodies as actors of their own development.
The First Global Forum of Producers of Crops Declared to be Illicit
intends to gather farmers that are affected by current policies. We are
aware of the fact that the legal status of their activity is a
limitation, so presence of other actors involved in the context of the
local rural economy is needed. Local or international development
agencies, community representatives, experts and researchers are also
invited to share their insights and present their points of view.
The conclusions and recommendations of this First Global Forum will have
to be taken into account when governments and the international
community design new political strategies. Beyond the false premise that
by attacking poor farmers the global drug problem will be solved,
policies must preserve people's right to maintain their livelihoods in a
The International Promotion Committee of this First Global Forum of
Producers of Crops Declared to be Illicit (FMPCDI) want to call on
international organisations, associations and trade unions, governments
and civil society in general, to acknowledge the seriousness of the
situation of affected populations by supporting this initiative.
/Valencia, Spain, 31st March, 2007
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