[Ibogaine] Gallo Research Center studies cause and treatment of alcohol, drug addiction

Ron Davis rwd3 at cox.net
Fri Aug 12 21:59:31 EDT 2005

this will be the crux of the next cross exam of some poor cop who made a bad 
stop and field tested something that was "presumptively contraband" . i love 
to read you guys when you're on a roll.  wish i was in the loop. i know..25 
yrs. of post grad , 25 yrs. of externship and a large helping of good luck. 
----- Original Message ----- 
From: "Boris Leshinsky" <bleshins at bigpond.net.au>
To: <ibogaine at mindvox.com>
Sent: Thursday, August 11, 2005 10:48 PM
Subject: Re: [Ibogaine] Gallo Research Center studies cause and treatment of 
alcohol, drug addiction

---- Eye of the Bhogi <freedomroot at gmail.com> wrote:
> From the piece on Gallo funding of addiction research:  "But its side
> effects, including hallucinations, which made it popular in the 1960s
> drug culture, and evidence of toxicity to certain nerve cells in
> rodent studies have discouraged studies of its clinical potential
> against drug and alcohol addiction."
> Howard or someone else scientific:  is the nerve cell toxicity related
> to the hallucinations?  What do we do to our nerves with chemical
> abuse anyway?  thanks, rachel

The nerve toxicity is related to dosage levels, apparently. Came across this 
trying to find an answer to my previous question.

In the study below, in rats, no observable damage* with a 25mg/kg dose.
At 50mg/kg 2 out 6 rats showed partial damage.
75mg/kg and 100mg/kg dosages caused more serious damage, area of damage 
apparently proportional to the dosage increase.
*Damage being "neurodegeneration of Purkinje cells and gliosis of Bergmann 
astrocytes in the cerebella"

"Toxicological Sciences 57, 95-101 (2000)
Copyright © 2000 by the Society of Toxicology
A Dose-Response Study of Ibogaine-Induced Neuropathology in the Rat 
Zengjun Xu*, Louis W. Chang*,{dagger}, William Slikker, 
Jr.{dagger},{ddagger}, Syed F. Ali{dagger},{ddagger}, Robert L. 
Rountree{ddagger} and Andrew C. Scallet{dagger},{ddagger},1

* Department of Pathology and {dagger} Department of Pharmacology & 
Toxicology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, 
Arkansas 72205; and {ddagger} Division of Neurotoxicology, National Center 
for Toxicological Research, Jefferson, Arkansas 72079

Ibogaine (IBO) is an indole alkaloid from the West African shrub, 
Tabernanthe iboga. It is structurally related to harmaline, and both these 
compounds are rigid analogs of melatonin. IBO has both psychoactive and 
stimulant properties. In single-blind trials with humans, it ameliorated 
withdrawal symptoms and interrupted the addiction process. However, IBO also 
produced neurodegeneration of Purkinje cells and gliosis of Bergmann 
astrocytes in the cerebella of rats given even a single dose (100 mg/kg, 
ip). Here, we treated rats (n = 6 per group) with either a single ip 
injection of saline or with 25 mg/kg, 50 mg/kg, 75 mg/kg, or 100 mg/kg of 
IBO. As biomarkers of cerebellar neurotoxicity, we specifically labeled 
degenerating neurons and axons with silver, astrocytes with antisera to 
glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), and Purkinje neurons with antisera 
to calbindin. All rats of the 100-mg/kg group showed the same pattern of 
cerebellar damage previously described: multiple bands of degenerating 
Purkinje neurons. All rats of the 75-mg/ kg group had neurodegeneration 
similar to the 100-mg/kg group, but the bands appeared to be narrower. Only 
2 of 6 rats that received 50 mg/kg were affected; despite few degenerating 
neuronal perikarya, cerebella from these rats did contain patches of 
astrocytosis similar to those observed with 75 or 100 mg/kg IBO. These 
observations affirm the usefulness of GFAP immunohistochemistry as a 
sensitive biomarker of neurotoxicity. None of the sections from the 25-mg/kg 
rats, however stained, were distinguishable from saline controls, indicating 
that this dose level may be considered as a no-observable-adverse-effect 
level (NOAEL).

Key Words: ibogaine; Purkinje neuron; Bergmann astrocyte; neurodegeneration; 
calbindin; GFAP; NOAEL; cerebellum."


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